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The Great Gatsby Curve

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Great Gatsby Curve

What is the Great Gatsby Curve?

The Great Gatsby Curve was first introduced in 2012 in a speech made by Alan Krueger, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers during President Obama’s administration.

The Great Gatsby Curve looks at the relationship between the elasticity of income between generations and inequality. Some versions of the curve compare the US and twelve developed nations. Other versions of this curve also include developing countries.

Countries where inequality is low – Finland, Norway, and Denmark – mobility is greatest. Chile and Brazil, by contrast, are the two countries with the greatest levels of inequality along with the lowest mobility.

The Great Gatsby Curve

The curve references The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel. Jay Gatsby, the debonair lead character, is the embodiment of mobility. He rises from bootlegging to leading the social set of Long Island’s north shore.

According to Robert Lenzner (a journalist) and Nripendra Chakravarthy (a lawyer), the curve is “very frightening” and “requires policy attention.”

Alan Krueger predicted a 25% increase in the persistence of income passed from parents to children as a result of the corresponding increase in inequality in the US over the last 25 years.

Timothy Noah, a journalist, believes this increase in income elasticity is linked to growing inequality. He claims that it’s impossible to experience an ever-rising inequality in income without a decline in upward mobility. He reasons that it’s “harder to climb a ladder when the rungs are farther apart.”

Another journalist claimed that low mobility and income inequality could be due to poorer children lacking access to exclusive schools, or because of differences in healthcare that could limit both education and employment.

Others suggest that the connection could be explained by variance in ability from country to country. These skeptics question any need for intervention. Indeed, it was demonstrated that the very way in which the elasticity of income between generations is defined is steeped in inequality.

Greg Mankiw, Harvard economist, states that the correlation is unsurprising because when comparing diverse and less diverse groups, the phenomenon will be exhibited even without real differences in mobility. His contention is that the curve is a device of diversity.

In a blog post at The Economist, there was a reply to the counter-argument of Mankiw’s. The author says that the argument over the Great Gatsby Curve is actually an argument over the fairness of America’s economy. He contends that whether you are rich or poor is in large part influenced by where you are born. He states that the United States is not a meritocracy. He adds that not only do those born rich tend to stay rich and those born poor stay poor, but your place of birth alone also has a huge impact on your earnings over the course of a lifetime.

Paul Krugman, an economist, has also countered Mankiw’s arguments.

The WCEG’s Carter Price suggested renaming the curve as “the line to serfdom” since he feels it might better convey the correlation’s meaning.

Views of Economic Inequality

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Economic Inequality
Credit: Prazis

Most Americans feel there’s too much inequality in the United States. Roughly half say that addressing this inequality requires making substantial changes to the economic system. Despite this, 70% of those who feel there is too much inequality also feel that some amount is inevitable and acceptable.

42% of Americans state that reducing inequality should be a high priority for the federal government. Among these, a large majority feels that the issue should be prioritized for two reasons:

  1. The influence economic inequality gives to the wealthy.
  2. The limits it places on the opportunities of others.

While they feel it should be a high priority, Americans don’t rank inequality among the major problems faced by the nation.

When Will There Be Reparations For Black Americans?

Beyond this, views on economic inequality dramatically different according to party and household income. Opinions also vary according to income within these party coalitions, especially among Republicans.

economic inequality debt
Credit: Grand Ave

6 in 10 Americans Feel The Economic Inequality

61% of Americans say there is too much economic inequality in the US today. 23% feel that country has roughly the right amount of inequality, while 13% feel present levels of economic inequality are insufficient.

All income groups share broadly similar opinions about economic inequality. 26% of middle-income Americans and 27% of upper-income Americans feel there is about the right level of economic inequality compared to just 17% in the lower-income bracket. Lower-income families are also more likely than those with higher incomes to say there is too little inequality.

41% of Republicans feel there is too much inequality compared to 78% of Democrats. Republicans are also much much more likely than Democrats to say the level of economic inequality is about right.

Lower-income Republicans are more likely to feel there is too much inequality than Republicans with higher incomes. Higher income Republicans are also more likely than those with lesser incomes to feel that the level of inequality is fair.

Democrats of all incomes groups feel there is too much economic inequality. This sentiment increases with income.

Most of those who view inequality as a problem call for significant changes to the economic system

67% of Americans feel the system needs overhauling to reduce this economic inequality. 14% say the system needs a complete rebuild while 19% feel minor changes would suffice.

Among those feeling there is too much inequality, 18% of lower-income Americans feel the system needs rebuilding compared to 13% in the middle-income bracket and 8% in the upper tier. The number calling for major changes is roughly the same across all income groups.

The majority of lower-income Republicans who feel there is too much inequality demand major changes to the system. While 36% of Republicans seeing too much inequality feel minor changes would suffice, only 11% of Democrats share this sentiment. 50% of Republicans feel major change is required while 74% of Democrats feel this to be the case.

Republican opinions on the level of work required to level out economic inequality also differ according to income. 63% of lower-income Republicans who feel there is too much inequality claim major changes are required to achieve this. Only 43% of Republicans in the upper-income bracket who feel the same way about inequality believe this. 14% of lower income Republicans claim the system needs a total rebuild.

There is more agreement regardless of income groups among Democrats than Republicans. That said, lower-income Democrats are more likely than middle-income and upper-income Democrats to call for a complete system rebuild.

Most who consider there is too much economic inequality feel some amount of inequality is acceptable

Across all income levels, majorities who feel there is too much inequality state that some amount of inequality is acceptable.

70% feel that some inequality is acceptable while 29% state that no amount is acceptable.

Upper-income Americans are more likely to say that inequality is acceptable than those with lower incomes. 40% of all lower-income Americans, by contrast, state that no level of economic inequality is acceptable.

When Will There Be Reparations For Black Americans?

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Reparations for Slavery

What is the American Dream? Well, a central part of that idyll is the assumption that everyone has an equal opportunity to obtain the sort of wealth that brings real meaning to the words “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”.

Underlying the American Dream is the notion that everyone can own a home, start their own business, and build inter-generational wealth as long as they put the hard work in.

This long-held belief has been repeatedly defied by the US government decrees that denies black Americans the same wealth-building opportunities.

In 2020, the average black family has 10 times less wealth than the average white family. White college graduates are 7 times wealthier than black graduates.

When Will We Get Reparations?

So, to ensure the American Dream is not just a pipe dream but an equitable reality calls for the same government that denied blacks the opportunity to build wealth to make reparations in the form of individual cash payments to close the racial wealth divide.

Also, there should be further reparations by the way of wealth-building opportunities addressing the racial discrepancies in housing, business ownership, and education.

The physical bodies of enslaved black Americans were valued at over $3 billion in 1860. This amounts to more than the total investment in railroads and factories combined. The value produced on cotton produced by slaves in 1861 was $250 million.

Slavery, then, enriched the white slave owners and their descendants while suppressing opportunities for blacks to build wealth. As yet, black Americans have yet to receive any government compensation for their labor. Beyond this, the federal government has not yet made redress for the equity lost through transportation and business policies along with anti-black housing policies.

So, thanks to slavery, anti-black practices such as redlining, and Jim Crow segregation – not to mention a range of discriminatory policies throughout the education and criminal justice systems – black Americans have been robbed of the chance to build inter-generational wealth.

reparations and racial wealth gap

The Racial Wealth Gap

Now, this racial wealth divide will not be erased through bootstrapping. Blacks changing their personal responsibility and individual behavior will do little to close this wealth gap, nor will upping their financial literacy. Indeed, it’s often the case that whites who dropped out of high school are wealthier than their black college counterparts.

This racial wealth gap did not come about through a lack of labor either, but rather stems from a paucity of financial capital.

This disparity between racial wealth has a greater impact than calling the American Dream into question. Wealth is associated with improved health along with superior education and economic outcomes. With assets from the property, stocks and bonds, and retirement nest eggs, whites have a stronger financial safety net to help them cope with the inevitable shocks that happen to the economy and to personal finances over a lifetime.

Recessions affect everyone, but there’s an uneven distribution of wealth in the US that makes things much harder for some. Disasters like the housing crisis of 2008 and 2005’s Hurricane Katrina showed up the inadequacies of the government safety net.

In the wake of an economic downturn, those able to draw on the equity in their homes and savings will be better placed to bounce back than those without wealth to draw on. The ongoing COVID-19 crisis brings disparities in health care access and economic policies into sharp focus. Overall, black people are rendered more vulnerable to negative consequences than white people.

How have reparations panned out historically, then?

History of US Reparations

Reparations are a form of redress for egregious injustices, and the idea is not foreign to the US.

Native Americans have already received land along with billions of dollars in benefits and programs as a result of their forcible exile from their native lands. $1.5 billion was outlaid to Japanese Americans interned during WWII. The US also helped Jews receive reparations from the Holocaust through the Marshall Plan. Back in 1952, Holocaust survivors received 3.45 billion Deutsche Marks from West Germany.

The only group yet to receive reparations for such state-endorsed racial discrimination are black Americans. At the same time, slavery furnished some white families with the chance to accrue enormous wealth. Slavery was also brutal with 15% of all enslaved dying on their way from Western Africa to the US. Those who made it were frequently beaten or lynched for minor infractions. With one in three marriages broken and one in five black children separated from their parents, the family unit was also disrupted.

The case for reparations, then, can be made on social, moral, and economic grounds.

Despite repeated opportunities to atone for slavery, there has still been no meaningful attempt to transform the American Dream into a reality.

Missed Opportunities for Atonement with Reparations

The first squandered opportunity for reparations came after the Civil War. On the orders of union leaders like General William Sherman, black families were each due to receive 40 acres of land. Field Order 15 was duly signed and 400,000 acres of confiscated land earmarked for reallocation. Some families were also due to receive leftover mules.

When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, though, the order was reversed by President Andrew Johnson, and the land returned to its former slave owners.

So, rather than giving Blacks the opportunity to support themselves, the federal government instead empowered former slave masters.

In Washington DC, for example, slave owners received reparations for lost property in the form of their former slaves. The same practice occurred in states nearby. In many cases, black Americans returned to works for the same slave owners as sharecroppers. Not only did these slave owners make money through enslaving black Americans, but they also profited repeatedly from the land where the previously enslaved had no option but to work.

Credit Counseling

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Credit Counseling Reviews

What is Credit Counseling?

Credit counseling is a process that is used to help individual debtors with debt management through education, budgeting and the use of a variety of tools including debt management plans, with the goal of reducing and ultimately eliminating their debt.

What does a Credit Counseling Agency Do?

Credit counseling agencies provide education and assistance to consumers who have more debt than they feel they can repay on their own. Credit Counselors provide concessions from the creditor to reduce or eliminate interest charges and stop late and over-limit fees. If they are nonprofit (as we are), they will also provide free educational materials and or courses on basic money management as well.

Who Should Consider Talking to a Credit Counselor?

Credit counseling is appropriate for individuals who are trying to pay off their debt but who don’t feel they are making any headway on their own. They may also be people who have high-interest rates on their credit cards, who may have taken out a payday loan, and/or who may be late on any such debts. Credit counselors may not be able to help you with the renegotiation of a mortgage, car loan, or other secured debt. For help with your mortgage, see a HUD-certified counselor.

Ladies Combat Health Issues in Black Community with Screenings

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Going insane was a luxury. It’s the going, that’s the treat. Going suggests travel, moving. There was no going. The madness was constant and still, sitting there, like a place on a map. The women in the beautifully brutal film 12 Years A Slave were mangled and maliciously intertwined.

It was where they lived, where they were from, born and bred into mundane inescapable crazy.

p1
This young couple is having a great time

The twisted relationship dynamics between the two lead female characters Patsey and Mistress Epps in 12 Years A Slave are a horror. A painfully vivid illustration of the dank gnarly negotiations women had to make with each other to survive the demonic conditions of American slavery. The film fearlessly exposes a suppurating historic wound between Black and White women so wicked and utterly honest, it is both repulsive and liberating to witness.

p2
Great article reading on the new smartphone

A heavy crystal decanter hurled at her head by Mistress Epps.

All of a sudden, she is once again a battered pile of dirty black woman parts wrapped in rags down on the floor. Mistress Epps is hate, full, guided and preserved by it. Patsey, the object, the affliction. She is, in Mistress Epps molested mind, literally the mistress.

Her husband Edwin Epps is addicted to Patsey, a deadly habit he will not kick, not for his wife, not for her dignity nor her sanity. The Mistress publicly demands Edwin rid himself and her home of the disease that is Patsey. He not only refuses his wife, he comfortably humiliates her.

Patsey and the Mistress Epps personify Black and White American women’s painful slave legacy. American slavery was an insidious economic institution devised to benefit a minority of white Christian men, predicated on systemically preventing others access or the ability to establish alliances. Society has discussed how slavery successfully branded Blacks as inferior and sub-human, yet have we ever fully faced the brain washing, torture and rape terrorism practices slavery inflicted on Black and White women?

Are white privileged women jealous because their husbands had sex and lusted after black women right in their faces?

p3
Powerful young woman taking a selfie

Do they believe the enslaved black women, purposefully seduced their white men, did they think they wanted to be raped? An evil woman is easy to understand. Mistress Epps makes clear white women bound in slavery were far more complicated than pure evil. She is in a tumultuous rage.

p4
Never ending pleasure in talking to him

A white woman’s rage: privileged with no position, positioned with no power, powerful with no promise of independence, fidelity or safety.

The white woman could not properly direct her rage at her husband, she could not rail against white male supremacy. She too was in hell and Black enslaved women where the only ones in the chambers bellow her. So she sent her rage down and with her hot hate burned what was left of the bitches.

And the black women scorched beyond human recognition were left in pieces scattered and buried somewhere beneath hell. The concept of hell, like slavery, was designed to control and terrorize for eternity. The relationship between the mistress and the slave.

Is this our original sin? Could this be at the root of why Black women were cut out of the American suffrage movement when it came time for voting rights for women? Why many white abolitionist women turned their backs on the violence against southern Blacks to secure their own right to vote?

Black and White American women were doomed from the start, viciously competitive, inhuman maddening

Women’s movements can’t move in America until we have courageous honest discourse about the sadistic historic foundation of the relationship. We were systematically cultured to distrust and envy each other. We were never meant to be sisters.

Uninsured Blacks Eligible for More Aid under Affordable Care Act

0

Going insane was a luxury. It’s the going, that’s the treat. Going suggests travel, moving. There was no going. The madness was constant and still, sitting there, like a place on a map. The women in the beautifully brutal film 12 Years A Slave were mangled and maliciously intertwined.

It was where they lived, where they were from, born and bred into mundane inescapable crazy.

p1
This young couple is having a great time

The twisted relationship dynamics between the two lead female characters Patsey and Mistress Epps in 12 Years A Slave are a horror. A painfully vivid illustration of the dank gnarly negotiations women had to make with each other to survive the demonic conditions of American slavery. The film fearlessly exposes a suppurating historic wound between Black and White women so wicked and utterly honest, it is both repulsive and liberating to witness.

p2
Great article reading on the new smartphone

A heavy crystal decanter hurled at her head by Mistress Epps.

All of a sudden, she is once again a battered pile of dirty black woman parts wrapped in rags down on the floor. Mistress Epps is hate, full, guided and preserved by it. Patsey, the object, the affliction. She is, in Mistress Epps molested mind, literally the mistress.

Her husband Edwin Epps is addicted to Patsey, a deadly habit he will not kick, not for his wife, not for her dignity nor her sanity. The Mistress publicly demands Edwin rid himself and her home of the disease that is Patsey. He not only refuses his wife, he comfortably humiliates her.

Patsey and the Mistress Epps personify Black and White American women’s painful slave legacy. American slavery was an insidious economic institution devised to benefit a minority of white Christian men, predicated on systemically preventing others access or the ability to establish alliances. Society has discussed how slavery successfully branded Blacks as inferior and sub-human, yet have we ever fully faced the brain washing, torture and rape terrorism practices slavery inflicted on Black and White women?

Are white privileged women jealous because their husbands had sex and lusted after black women right in their faces?

p3
Powerful young woman taking a selfie

Do they believe the enslaved black women, purposefully seduced their white men, did they think they wanted to be raped? An evil woman is easy to understand. Mistress Epps makes clear white women bound in slavery were far more complicated than pure evil. She is in a tumultuous rage.

p4
Never ending pleasure in talking to him

A white woman’s rage: privileged with no position, positioned with no power, powerful with no promise of independence, fidelity or safety.

The white woman could not properly direct her rage at her husband, she could not rail against white male supremacy. She too was in hell and Black enslaved women where the only ones in the chambers bellow her. So she sent her rage down and with her hot hate burned what was left of the bitches.

And the black women scorched beyond human recognition were left in pieces scattered and buried somewhere beneath hell. The concept of hell, like slavery, was designed to control and terrorize for eternity. The relationship between the mistress and the slave.

Is this our original sin? Could this be at the root of why Black women were cut out of the American suffrage movement when it came time for voting rights for women? Why many white abolitionist women turned their backs on the violence against southern Blacks to secure their own right to vote?

Black and White American women were doomed from the start, viciously competitive, inhuman maddening

Women’s movements can’t move in America until we have courageous honest discourse about the sadistic historic foundation of the relationship. We were systematically cultured to distrust and envy each other. We were never meant to be sisters.

Plan Your Trip so You Can Celebrate Easter in This Historic Church

0

Going insane was a luxury. It’s the going, that’s the treat. Going suggests travel, moving. There was no going. The madness was constant and still, sitting there, like a place on a map. The women in the beautifully brutal film 12 Years A Slave were mangled and maliciously intertwined.

It was where they lived, where they were from, born and bred into mundane inescapable crazy.

p1
This young couple is having a great time

The twisted relationship dynamics between the two lead female characters Patsey and Mistress Epps in 12 Years A Slave are a horror. A painfully vivid illustration of the dank gnarly negotiations women had to make with each other to survive the demonic conditions of American slavery. The film fearlessly exposes a suppurating historic wound between Black and White women so wicked and utterly honest, it is both repulsive and liberating to witness.

p2
Great article reading on the new smartphone

A heavy crystal decanter hurled at her head by Mistress Epps.

All of a sudden, she is once again a battered pile of dirty black woman parts wrapped in rags down on the floor. Mistress Epps is hate, full, guided and preserved by it. Patsey, the object, the affliction. She is, in Mistress Epps molested mind, literally the mistress.

Her husband Edwin Epps is addicted to Patsey, a deadly habit he will not kick, not for his wife, not for her dignity nor her sanity. The Mistress publicly demands Edwin rid himself and her home of the disease that is Patsey. He not only refuses his wife, he comfortably humiliates her.

Patsey and the Mistress Epps personify Black and White American women’s painful slave legacy. American slavery was an insidious economic institution devised to benefit a minority of white Christian men, predicated on systemically preventing others access or the ability to establish alliances. Society has discussed how slavery successfully branded Blacks as inferior and sub-human, yet have we ever fully faced the brain washing, torture and rape terrorism practices slavery inflicted on Black and White women?

Are white privileged women jealous because their husbands had sex and lusted after black women right in their faces?

p3
Powerful young woman taking a selfie

Do they believe the enslaved black women, purposefully seduced their white men, did they think they wanted to be raped? An evil woman is easy to understand. Mistress Epps makes clear white women bound in slavery were far more complicated than pure evil. She is in a tumultuous rage.

p4
Never ending pleasure in talking to him

A white woman’s rage: privileged with no position, positioned with no power, powerful with no promise of independence, fidelity or safety.

The white woman could not properly direct her rage at her husband, she could not rail against white male supremacy. She too was in hell and Black enslaved women where the only ones in the chambers bellow her. So she sent her rage down and with her hot hate burned what was left of the bitches.

And the black women scorched beyond human recognition were left in pieces scattered and buried somewhere beneath hell. The concept of hell, like slavery, was designed to control and terrorize for eternity. The relationship between the mistress and the slave.

Is this our original sin? Could this be at the root of why Black women were cut out of the American suffrage movement when it came time for voting rights for women? Why many white abolitionist women turned their backs on the violence against southern Blacks to secure their own right to vote?

Black and White American women were doomed from the start, viciously competitive, inhuman maddening

Women’s movements can’t move in America until we have courageous honest discourse about the sadistic historic foundation of the relationship. We were systematically cultured to distrust and envy each other. We were never meant to be sisters.

Gospel Legend Shirley Caesar’s Viral Leads to New Fame, More Charity

0

Going insane was a luxury. It’s the going, that’s the treat. Going suggests travel, moving. There was no going. The madness was constant and still, sitting there, like a place on a map. The women in the beautifully brutal film 12 Years A Slave were mangled and maliciously intertwined.

It was where they lived, where they were from, born and bred into mundane inescapable crazy.

p1
This young couple is having a great time

The twisted relationship dynamics between the two lead female characters Patsey and Mistress Epps in 12 Years A Slave are a horror. A painfully vivid illustration of the dank gnarly negotiations women had to make with each other to survive the demonic conditions of American slavery. The film fearlessly exposes a suppurating historic wound between Black and White women so wicked and utterly honest, it is both repulsive and liberating to witness.

p2
Great article reading on the new smartphone

A heavy crystal decanter hurled at her head by Mistress Epps.

All of a sudden, she is once again a battered pile of dirty black woman parts wrapped in rags down on the floor. Mistress Epps is hate, full, guided and preserved by it. Patsey, the object, the affliction. She is, in Mistress Epps molested mind, literally the mistress.

Her husband Edwin Epps is addicted to Patsey, a deadly habit he will not kick, not for his wife, not for her dignity nor her sanity. The Mistress publicly demands Edwin rid himself and her home of the disease that is Patsey. He not only refuses his wife, he comfortably humiliates her.

Patsey and the Mistress Epps personify Black and White American women’s painful slave legacy. American slavery was an insidious economic institution devised to benefit a minority of white Christian men, predicated on systemically preventing others access or the ability to establish alliances. Society has discussed how slavery successfully branded Blacks as inferior and sub-human, yet have we ever fully faced the brain washing, torture and rape terrorism practices slavery inflicted on Black and White women?

Are white privileged women jealous because their husbands had sex and lusted after black women right in their faces?

p3
Powerful young woman taking a selfie

Do they believe the enslaved black women, purposefully seduced their white men, did they think they wanted to be raped? An evil woman is easy to understand. Mistress Epps makes clear white women bound in slavery were far more complicated than pure evil. She is in a tumultuous rage.

p4
Never ending pleasure in talking to him

A white woman’s rage: privileged with no position, positioned with no power, powerful with no promise of independence, fidelity or safety.

The white woman could not properly direct her rage at her husband, she could not rail against white male supremacy. She too was in hell and Black enslaved women where the only ones in the chambers bellow her. So she sent her rage down and with her hot hate burned what was left of the bitches.

And the black women scorched beyond human recognition were left in pieces scattered and buried somewhere beneath hell. The concept of hell, like slavery, was designed to control and terrorize for eternity. The relationship between the mistress and the slave.

Is this our original sin? Could this be at the root of why Black women were cut out of the American suffrage movement when it came time for voting rights for women? Why many white abolitionist women turned their backs on the violence against southern Blacks to secure their own right to vote?

Black and White American women were doomed from the start, viciously competitive, inhuman maddening

Women’s movements can’t move in America until we have courageous honest discourse about the sadistic historic foundation of the relationship. We were systematically cultured to distrust and envy each other. We were never meant to be sisters.

House Leaders Came up Short in their Effort to Kill Obamacare

0

Going insane was a luxury. It’s the going, that’s the treat. Going suggests travel, moving. There was no going. The madness was constant and still, sitting there, like a place on a map. The women in the beautifully brutal film 12 Years A Slave were mangled and maliciously intertwined.

It was where they lived, where they were from, born and bred into mundane inescapable crazy.

p1
This young couple is having a great time

The twisted relationship dynamics between the two lead female characters Patsey and Mistress Epps in 12 Years A Slave are a horror. A painfully vivid illustration of the dank gnarly negotiations women had to make with each other to survive the demonic conditions of American slavery. The film fearlessly exposes a suppurating historic wound between Black and White women so wicked and utterly honest, it is both repulsive and liberating to witness.

p2
Great article reading on the new smartphone

A heavy crystal decanter hurled at her head by Mistress Epps.

All of a sudden, she is once again a battered pile of dirty black woman parts wrapped in rags down on the floor. Mistress Epps is hate, full, guided and preserved by it. Patsey, the object, the affliction. She is, in Mistress Epps molested mind, literally the mistress.

Her husband Edwin Epps is addicted to Patsey, a deadly habit he will not kick, not for his wife, not for her dignity nor her sanity. The Mistress publicly demands Edwin rid himself and her home of the disease that is Patsey. He not only refuses his wife, he comfortably humiliates her.

Patsey and the Mistress Epps personify Black and White American women’s painful slave legacy. American slavery was an insidious economic institution devised to benefit a minority of white Christian men, predicated on systemically preventing others access or the ability to establish alliances. Society has discussed how slavery successfully branded Blacks as inferior and sub-human, yet have we ever fully faced the brain washing, torture and rape terrorism practices slavery inflicted on Black and White women?

Are white privileged women jealous because their husbands had sex and lusted after black women right in their faces?

p3
Powerful young woman taking a selfie

Do they believe the enslaved black women, purposefully seduced their white men, did they think they wanted to be raped? An evil woman is easy to understand. Mistress Epps makes clear white women bound in slavery were far more complicated than pure evil. She is in a tumultuous rage.

p4
Never ending pleasure in talking to him

A white woman’s rage: privileged with no position, positioned with no power, powerful with no promise of independence, fidelity or safety.

The white woman could not properly direct her rage at her husband, she could not rail against white male supremacy. She too was in hell and Black enslaved women where the only ones in the chambers bellow her. So she sent her rage down and with her hot hate burned what was left of the bitches.

And the black women scorched beyond human recognition were left in pieces scattered and buried somewhere beneath hell. The concept of hell, like slavery, was designed to control and terrorize for eternity. The relationship between the mistress and the slave.

Is this our original sin? Could this be at the root of why Black women were cut out of the American suffrage movement when it came time for voting rights for women? Why many white abolitionist women turned their backs on the violence against southern Blacks to secure their own right to vote?

Black and White American women were doomed from the start, viciously competitive, inhuman maddening

Women’s movements can’t move in America until we have courageous honest discourse about the sadistic historic foundation of the relationship. We were systematically cultured to distrust and envy each other. We were never meant to be sisters.

Saving Hearts and Lives in the African-American Community

0

Going insane was a luxury. It’s the going, that’s the treat. Going suggests travel, moving. There was no going. The madness was constant and still, sitting there, like a place on a map. The women in the beautifully brutal film 12 Years A Slave were mangled and maliciously intertwined.

It was where they lived, where they were from, born and bred into mundane inescapable crazy.

p1
This young couple is having a great time

The twisted relationship dynamics between the two lead female characters Patsey and Mistress Epps in 12 Years A Slave are a horror. A painfully vivid illustration of the dank gnarly negotiations women had to make with each other to survive the demonic conditions of American slavery. The film fearlessly exposes a suppurating historic wound between Black and White women so wicked and utterly honest, it is both repulsive and liberating to witness.

p2
Great article reading on the new smartphone

A heavy crystal decanter hurled at her head by Mistress Epps.

All of a sudden, she is once again a battered pile of dirty black woman parts wrapped in rags down on the floor. Mistress Epps is hate, full, guided and preserved by it. Patsey, the object, the affliction. She is, in Mistress Epps molested mind, literally the mistress.

Her husband Edwin Epps is addicted to Patsey, a deadly habit he will not kick, not for his wife, not for her dignity nor her sanity. The Mistress publicly demands Edwin rid himself and her home of the disease that is Patsey. He not only refuses his wife, he comfortably humiliates her.

Patsey and the Mistress Epps personify Black and White American women’s painful slave legacy. American slavery was an insidious economic institution devised to benefit a minority of white Christian men, predicated on systemically preventing others access or the ability to establish alliances. Society has discussed how slavery successfully branded Blacks as inferior and sub-human, yet have we ever fully faced the brain washing, torture and rape terrorism practices slavery inflicted on Black and White women?

Are white privileged women jealous because their husbands had sex and lusted after black women right in their faces?

p3
Powerful young woman taking a selfie

Do they believe the enslaved black women, purposefully seduced their white men, did they think they wanted to be raped? An evil woman is easy to understand. Mistress Epps makes clear white women bound in slavery were far more complicated than pure evil. She is in a tumultuous rage.

p4
Never ending pleasure in talking to him

A white woman’s rage: privileged with no position, positioned with no power, powerful with no promise of independence, fidelity or safety.

The white woman could not properly direct her rage at her husband, she could not rail against white male supremacy. She too was in hell and Black enslaved women where the only ones in the chambers bellow her. So she sent her rage down and with her hot hate burned what was left of the bitches.

And the black women scorched beyond human recognition were left in pieces scattered and buried somewhere beneath hell. The concept of hell, like slavery, was designed to control and terrorize for eternity. The relationship between the mistress and the slave.

Is this our original sin? Could this be at the root of why Black women were cut out of the American suffrage movement when it came time for voting rights for women? Why many white abolitionist women turned their backs on the violence against southern Blacks to secure their own right to vote?

Black and White American women were doomed from the start, viciously competitive, inhuman maddening

Women’s movements can’t move in America until we have courageous honest discourse about the sadistic historic foundation of the relationship. We were systematically cultured to distrust and envy each other. We were never meant to be sisters.

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